Slovakia is not ready for the development of electromobility, the distribution network will collapse during the more extensive development of the charging infrastructure.
The general population is of the opinion that the electrical distribution network in Slovakia is not sufficient for the transition to electromobility. Even part of the professional public advocates the opinion that for the future needs of electromobility, it is necessary to build new electrical connections and increase the capacity of the distribution network. At AgeVolt, we have studied this topic, recalculated it and offer you our opinion.
Current situation in Slovakia
In Slovakia, we currently register approx. 3.4 million vehicles, of which 2.4 million personal and approx. 1 mil. in other categories.
The average annual fuel consumption in Slovakia is 2.5 billion. liters, of which 1 billion liters are consumed by passenger vehicles and the remaining 1.5 billion. liters, other categories of land transport (buses, trains, trucks, motorbikes...).
If we were to imagine a situation where all the above-mentioned vehicles would switch to electricity from one day to the next, respecting the above-mentioned consumption, we would need 2.5 TWh of electricity for passenger vehicles and about 4 TWh of electricity for other categories of vehicles. A total of 6.5 TWh of electricity.
Do we have a shortage of electricity?
For an approximation of how much electricity would be consumed by fully electric road transport, it is good to show the consumption of Slovakia. The current consumption of electricity in Slovakia is 29 TWh, while in 2017 it was up to 31 TWh. It means that Slovakia is working very effectively to reduce electricity consumption.
To give an idea, the annual consumption of 29 TWh is equivalent to 3,938 MW of constant power consumption. Slovakia's current consumption is approximately 4,700 MW. Thus, if all land transport in the Slovak Republic were to switch to electricity at one point, electromobility would represent less than 16% of Slovakia's consumption.
At AgeVolt, we therefore believe that Slovakia is fully capable of switching to electromobility even without the need to increase the capacity of the electricity distribution network. On the other hand, passenger transport, which contributes more than 60% of emissions, could be much cleaner for the environment if switched to electricity.